As a signatory of various international environmental agreements, Australia has pledged to take action to protect and preserve the planet`s natural resources. These agreements aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect biodiversity, and mitigate the impacts of climate change, among other things.
Here are two international environmental agreements that Australia is a signatory of:
1. The Paris Agreement
The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty that aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, preferably to 1.5°C. It was adopted in 2015 by 196 countries, including Australia, and entered into force in 2016. The agreement requires countries to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that outline their targets and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Australia`s NDC targets a 26-28% reduction in emissions below 2005 levels by 2030, which has been criticized by some as not ambitious enough. However, the country has also pledged to achieve net-zero emissions „as soon as possible“ and preferably by 2050.
2. The Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty that aims to conserve the world`s biological diversity, sustainably use its components, and ensure the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. It was adopted in 1992 by 196 countries, including Australia, and has three main objectives: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Australia has developed a national biodiversity strategy and action plan that aligns with the convention`s objectives and targets. However, the country faces significant challenges in conserving its unique and threatened biodiversity, including habitat loss, invasive species, and climate change.
In conclusion, Australia`s participation in these and other international environmental agreements reflects its commitment to addressing global environmental challenges and contributing to the collective effort to create a sustainable future for all. While there may be criticisms regarding the country`s progress towards its targets, it is important to acknowledge the significance of these agreements as a framework for action and collaboration towards a common goal.